Duda, Anna M. and Dyba, Marcin and Kozlowski, Henryk and Micera, Giovanni and Pusino, Alba (1996) Copper(II) complexes of the imidazolinone herbicide imazapyr. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 44 (11), p. 3698-3702. eISSN 1520-5118. Article.
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The copper(II) complexes formed by the imidazolinone herbicide imazapyr [(±)-2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)nicotinic acid] were studied in aqueous solution by potentiometric and spectroscopic techniques. Imazapyr acts as a chelating molecule and is effective over a wide pH range. The chelating set active in acidic media involves rather weak donors, namely the pyridine and imidazole nitrogens. In neutral media, the lactam site of the imidazolinone ring deprotonates and the ligand takes advantage of a rather basic nitrogen atom, which, assisted by the pyridine donor, yields stable complexes with five-coordination at the metal ion.
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