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Cross-talk between enteric pathogens and the intestine

Uzzau, Sergio and Fasano, Alessio (2000) Cross-talk between enteric pathogens and the intestine. Cellular Microbiology, Vol. 2 (2), p. 83-89. eISSN 1462-5822. Article.

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DOI: 10.1046/j.1462-5822.2000.00041.x

Abstract

Enteric pathogens finely regulate the expression of virulence genes in reply to stimuli generated by the intestinal environment. This minireview focuses on recently discovered strategies developed by enteric bacteria to cause intestinal secretion through the elaboration of factors that share structure and function with specific host counterparts. Such bacterial antigens appear to interfere largely with the epithelial cell signalling that physiologically regulates the numerous and, as yet not fully elucidated, mechanisms controlling both the transcellular and the paracellular secretion pathways. Heat-stable enterotoxins (STs) elaborated by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and the enteroaggregative E. coli enterotoxin (EAST1) are both typical examples of enteric toxins that activate the transcellular secretion pathway by mimicking guanylin, the endogenous modulator of cGMP signalling. Alternative strategies have been developed by Salmonella to induce intestinal secretion through the elaboration of a factor (SopB) that resembles at least two of the host cell 4-phosphatases, enzymes that activate the Ca-dependent transcellular secretion pathway. Finally, Vibrio cholerae has developed innovative tactics to activate the paracellular secretion pathway through the elaboration of Zonula occludens toxin (Zot), a factor that mimics a recently described physiological modulator of intercellular tight junctions.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:1334
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Enteric pathogens, paracellular secretion pathways, transcellular secretion pathways, intestinal diseases
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/07 Microbiologia e microbiologia clinica
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Scienze biomediche
Publisher:Blackwell Science / Wiley
eISSN:1462-5822
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:04

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