Desantis, Salvatore and Corriero, Aldo and Acone, Franca and Zubani, Dolores and Cirillo, Fedelia and Palmieri, Giovanni and De Metrio, Gregorio (2003) Lectin histochemistry on the dorsal epidermis of the Breton dog. Acta Histochemica, Vol. 105 (1), p. 73-79. ISSN 0065-1281. Article.
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Expression of sugar residues and the nature of oligosaccharide linkage during keratinocyte maturation in the epidermis of the Breton dog were studied with the use of lectin histochemistry. Thirteen lectins were used. Labelling was not observed with GSA I-B4, GSA II, UEA-I, and LTA. The cytoplasm of keratinocytes reacted with PNA, HPA, Con A, and WGA from the basal layer to the granular layer. PNA and Con A showed highest reactivity in the granular cell layer. The cell surface showed increased reactivity with PNA, HPA, and WGA with maturation of keratinocytes. KOH-neuraminidase treatment (KOH-Neu) increased PNA and RCA120 staining during keratinocyte differentiation thus indicating an increase in oligosaccharides terminating with sialic acid-Galβ(1,3)GalNAc and sialic acid-Galβ(1,4)GlcNAc, respectively. Labelling of the glycocalyx of basal and spinous keratinocytes with SNA and MAA revealed terminal Neu5acα(2,6)Gal/GalNAc and Neu5acα(2,3)Galβ(1,4)GlcNAc. KOH-Neu-DBA showed oligosaccharides terminating with sialic acid-GalNAcα(1,3)GalNAc in the spinous and granular layers. A selective glycocalyx labelling of granular keratinocytes was observed with DBA and SBA. Reactions with MAA, PNA, DBA, RCA120, SBA, HPA, and WGA disappeared after the b-elimination reaction. Our findings indicate that Breton dog epidermis contains more O-linked than N-linked oligosaccharides and confirm that different subpopulations of keratinocytes can be distinguished by lectin histochemistry.
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