Becciu, Chiara Ombretta and Caria, Marcello Alessandro and Melis, Francesco and Severino, C. and Tavera, Claudio and Mameli, Piero and Mameli, S. (2001) Autonomic nervous system activity and life threatening arrhythmias in experimental epilepsy. Seizure, Vol. 10 (4), p. 269-278. ISSN 1059-1311. Article.
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In the present study the possible derangement of the autonomic system and its influence in life threatening arrhythmias were analysed during paroxysmal activity. In hemispherectomized rats a paroxysmal activation of the hypothalamic and mesencephalic cardioarrhythmogenic triggers was performed by topical application of penicillin-G. Blood gas parameters and electrical activity of the thalamus, hypothalamus, vagal nerve fibre, ECG and arterial blood pressure were simultaneously monitored in basal conditions and repeated after the appearance of paroxysmal activity. Temporal correlation analysis was carried out. Results showed that during activation of these triggers, the spontaneous vagal nerve fibre activity significantly increased and triggered the appearance of cardiac arrhythmias which could become life threatening and induce animal death when blood gas and electrolytic parameters were simultaneously impaired. These experiments suggest that fatal evolution of the heart impairment is related not only to an autonomic cardiac trigger, but also to a concomitant metabolic derangement, which most likely shares the same autonomic origin.
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