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Caries experience and status in school-age children residing in four North Italian communities

Campus, Guglielmo Giuseppe and Senna, Andrea and Cagetti, Maria Grazia and Maida, Carmelo and Strohmenger, Laura (2005) Caries experience and status in school-age children residing in four North Italian communities. Oral Health Preventive Dentistry, Vol. 3 (1), p. 33-38. eISSN 1757-9996. Article.

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Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this paper was to describe the caries experience in four North Italian areas. The areas selected were four North Italian medium-sized cities: San Remo located in western Liguria, Ferrara in Emilia, and Varese and Melegnano (Milan suburbs). Materials and Methods: 1104 subjects (560 males and 544 females) were examined. Several dental outcomes were used: DMFT Index and SiCindex following WHO recommendations; and the caries experience ratio; the percentage of children with high caries disease and with rampant caries was calculated as the percentage of subjects with DMFT > 0, DMFT ≥ 4 and DMFT ≥ 7. Results: Mean DMFT ranged from 1.21 ± 1.65 in the Ferrara group to 1.83 ± 2.49 in San Remo. Among the groups, statistically significant differences were observed for DT and DMFT (p = 0.04 and p = 0.01 respectively). The SiC index was 3.75 ± 1.87, 3 (2-5) in all samples, with significant differences among the four areas (p = 0.04). No statistical differences were observed among the four areas regarding caries experience and the proportion of children with high and rampant caries. An elevated proportion of subjects with high caries (DMFT ≥ 4) was noted in the San Remo group (22.9%). The distribution of children by gender according to DMFT levels was not statistically significant either. The F/DMFT ratio was similar in the survey areas, from 0.30 in San Remo, 0.38 in Varese and Ferrara, to 0.40 in the Milan suburbs. Conclusion: Information drawn from this study can be helpful to describe and plan future dental prevention programmes aimed at reducing caries experience and promoting better oral health level.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:1213
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Caries epidemiology, DMFT index, SiC index, children, Italy
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/28 Malattie odontostomatologiche
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 03 Istituti > Clinica odontoiatrica
Publisher:Quintessence
eISSN:1757-9996
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:04

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