UnissResearch

Logo Universitàegli studi di Sassari
titoli, abstracts, parole chiave >>>
Risk factors for oral mucositis in paediatric oncology patients receiving alkylant chemotherapy

Fadda, Giulia and Campus, Guglielmo Giuseppe and Lugliè, Pietrina Francesca (2006) Risk factors for oral mucositis in paediatric oncology patients receiving alkylant chemotherapy. BMC Oral Health, Vol. 6 (13), p. 1-8. eISSN 1472-6831. Article.

[img]
Preview
Full text disponibile come PDF Richiede visualizzatore di PDF come GSview, Xpdf o Adobe Acrobat Reader
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

253Kb

DOI: 10.1186/1472-6831-6-13

Abstract

Background: We describe the risk indicators for oral mucositis (OM) in paediatric oncology patients hospitalised in the Institut Gustave Roussy (Villejuif-Paris) and treated with alkylant chemotherapy with autologous peripheral blood progenitor cells. Methods: The sample was selected using PIGAS software. Three groups of subjects received different chemotherapy regimens: A. Melphalan, B. Busulfan and C. other alkylant protocols. The degree of mucositis was recorded by CTC version 2.0 (Common Toxicity Criteria). Descriptive statistics were performed. The association between mucositis and risk indicator variables was tested using a χ2 test. The association between case status and covariates was tested using unconditional logistic regression analysis. Results: Of the 337 children enrolled, 241 showed mucositis (group 1) and 96 did not show mucositis (group 2) during alkylant chemotherapy. There was a higher prevalence of male patients in both groups. The three different chemotherapy regimen groups are correlated with the appearance of oral mucositis (χ2 = 22.42, p < 0.01). Weight loss was higher in group 1 (χ2 = 6.31, p = 0.01). The duration of aplasia was lower in the Busulfan protocol (7.5 days) than in the Melphalan group (9.3 days) or the other regimens (8.6 days). The use of Bufulfan® was directly associated with case status (presence of oral mucositis): odds ratio [OR] = 2.1 and confidence interval [95%CI] = 1.3–3.0. Also, occurrences of germinal tumours and secondary bacterial infections were directly linked with case status: [OR] = 1.4 and 1.8, confidence interval [95%CI] = 1.2 – 1.7 and 1.1 – 2.5, respectively. Conclusion: The presence of OM was associated with the three different chemotherapy regimens considered; in particularly patients treated with Busulfan had the highest prevalence.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:121
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Paediatric cancers, chemotherapy protocols, Melphalan, Busulfan
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/28 Malattie odontostomatologiche
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 03 Istituti > Clinica odontoiatrica
Publisher:BioMed Central
eISSN:1472-6831
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:01

I documenti depositati in UnissResearch sono protetti dalle leggi che regolano il diritto d'autore

Repository Staff Only: item control page