Miceli, Mauro and Alberti, Luisa and Bennardini, Federico and Di Simplicio, Paolo and Seghieri, Giuseppe and Rao, Gundu H. R. and Franconi, Flavia (2003) Effect of low doses of ethanol on platelet function in long-life abstainers and moderate-wine drinkers. Life Sciences, Vol. 73 (12), p. 1557-1566. ISSN 0024-3205. Article.
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In vitro, high concentrations of ethanol (EtOH) reduce platelet aggregation. Less is known about the effect of low EtOH doses on platelet function in a selected human population of long-life abstainers and low moderate-wine drinkers to avoid rebound effect of EtOH on platelet aggregation. Results of our experiments suggest that moderate-wine drinkers have higher levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL) than long-life abstainers while fibrinogen levels are unchanged. Furthermore, platelets obtained from these individuals do not differ in their response when stimulated by agonists such as AA and collagen. The effect of in vitro exposure of low doses of EtOH has been studied in PRP and in washed platelets. EtOH (0.1–10 mM) inhibits platelet aggregation induced by collagen at its ED50 while is ineffective when aggregation was triggered by U-46619 and by 1 μM adenosine diphosphate (ADP). 5–10 mM EtOH partially reduces the second wave of aggregation induced by 3 μM ADP. 0.1–10 mM EtOH dose-dependently lowers the aggregation induced by AA at its ED50 but it is less effective at ED75 of AA. The antiaggregating effect of EtOH on aggregation induced by AA is unchanged by inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. In addition, 10 mM EtOH reduces thromboxane (Tx) formation. In washed platelets, 1–10 mM EtOH partially inhibits platelet aggregation induced by thrombin. In washed resting platelets, 10 mM EtOH does not change the resting [Ca++]i while significantly reduces the increase in [Ca++]i triggered by AA. The results of ex vivo experiments have demonstrated that wine increases the HDL. However, this observation may or may not influence the response of platelets to agonists. Results of our studies demonstrate that low doses of alcohol reduces platelet function.
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