Del Giudice, Liliana (2019) Wildfire spread simulation modeling for risk assessment and management in Mediterranean areas. Doctoral Thesis.
Wildfires are a key problem in many terrestrial ecosystems, particularly in the Mediterranean Basin, and climate change will likely cause their increase in future years. Wildfire behavior simulator models are very useful to characterize wildfire risk, identify the valued resources more exposed to wildfires and to plan the best strategies to mitigate risk. In this work, we first carried out a review of wildfire spread and behavior modelling, and then focusing on FLAMMAP model. Then, we evaluated the effects of diverse strategies of fuel treatments on wildfire risk in an agro-pastoral area of the North-central Sardinia (Italy) that has been affected by the largest Sardinian wildfire of recent years (Bonorva wildfire, about 10,500 ha burned, on July 2009). Finally we analyzed the combined effects of fuel treatments and post-fire treatments with the aim to mitigate wildfire and erosion risk, linking the minimum travel time algorithm with the Ermit modeling approach in a study area located in Northern Sardinia (Italy), mostly classified as European Site of Community Importance. Overall, the results obtained showed that wildfire behavior simulator models can support forest fire management and planning and can provide key spatial information and data that can be helpful to policy makers and land managers.
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