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Socio-economic and behavioural factors related to caries in twelve-year-old Sardinian children

Campus, Guglielmo Giuseppe and Lumbau, Aurea Maria Immacolata and Lai, Bachisio Silvio and Solinas, Maria Giuliana and Castiglia, Paolo Giuseppino (2001) Socio-economic and behavioural factors related to caries in twelve-year-old Sardinian children. Caries Research, Vol. 35 (6), p. 427-434. eISSN 1421-976X. Article.

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DOI: 10.1159/000047486

Abstract

Our aim was to describe socio-economic and behavioural factors related to caries experience in school children in Sassari, Sardinia (Italy). Four hundred and three 12-year-old schoolchildren were randomly selected and their teeth clinically examined after air drying, under standard light using a plain mirror and WHO community periodontal index for treatment needs (CPITN) ballpoint probe. The clinical DMFS index was recorded following a diagnostic threshold, CPITN following the WHO indications. A questionnaire concerning oral hygiene habits (OHH), the onset of toothbrushing habits (OTH), frequency of dental check-ups (DCU), sweet food and soft drink consumption and socio-economic background factors, i.e. parents' occupational status (SOCFAM) and parents' age, was filled in by children and parent(s)/guardian(s). The caries prevalence was 61.6%. A positive skewness of DMFS was observed. Regarding caries, a significant linear trend (p<0.05) was found among odds ratios at each exposure level in SOCFAM, OHH, OTH and CPITN. A logistic regression model for caries was constructed using related factors. CPITN (gingival conditions) gave a significant contribution in the predictive model (p = 0.01). Gender acted as an effect modifier on CPITN, so logistic regression models were constructed for males and females separately. CPITN was the only statistically significant covariate in males and OHH the only one in females. Our results confirm a high caries prevalence and also a need for preventive and educational programmes for caries in Sardinia.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:1178
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Caries, cross-sectional study, logistic regression, socio-economic factors, Sardinia
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/42 Igiene generale e applicata
Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/28 Malattie odontostomatologiche
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 03 Istituti > Clinica odontoiatrica
001 Università di Sassari > 03 Istituti > Igiene e medicina preventiva
Publisher:Karger
eISSN:1421-976X
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:04

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