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Soil Greenhouse Gases emissions in Mediterranean forage systems

Pulina, Antonio (2017) Soil Greenhouse Gases emissions in Mediterranean forage systems. Doctoral Thesis.

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Abstract

Many studies on the impacts of soil management on Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions were carried out in the last years. However, field studies on GHG emissions in forage systems under semi-arid Mediterranean conditions are still limited. Modelling approaches are required for predicting the long term performances of Mediterranean grasslands under different environmental and management strategies, but so far very few attempts were made for these environments. The overall aim of the PhD dissertation was to analyse the processes and the management options that influence the soil C cycle and GHG emissions in two typologies of Mediterranean forage systems: extensively managed pastures and irrigated maize-based systems. Field experiments were carried out for both forage systems, while a modelling approach was undertaken only for the pastures.
The PaSim model was assessed for its ability to simulate C exchanges in Mediterranean grasslands. A new model parameterization was derived for Mediterranean conditions from a set of ecophysiological parameters. The obtained results highlight the reliability of PaSim to simulate C cycle components in Mediterranean grasslands although some improvements are required.
In the irrigated forage systems, soil GHG and the net Global Warming Potential were compared under different fertilization strategies, which showed contrasting impacts on GHG emissions, providing some insights on their different potential mitigation roles under Mediterranean conditions.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis
ID Code:11689
Contributors:Seddaiu, Giovanna
Publisher:Universita' degli studi di Sassari
Uncontrolled Keywords:GHG emissions, Mediterranean pastures, PaSim Model, maize-based agroecosystems, cattle slurry, Sardinia
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/02 Agronomia e coltivazioni erbacee
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Agraria
Cicli, scuole e corsi:Ciclo 29 > Scienze agrarie > Produttività delle piante coltivate
Deposited On:18 Sep 2017 12:32

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