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Sardinian sheep wool to detect environmental and veterinary chemical compounds: impact in the assesment of human health hazards

Lo Curto, Paola Maria (2016) Sardinian sheep wool to detect environmental and veterinary chemical compounds: impact in the assesment of human health hazards. Doctoral Thesis.

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Abstract

Aim: In order to investigate if wool fibre would be a significant route of human and environmental exposure, we developed a method to assess the presence of heavy metal and drugs residues, deriving from veterinary practices. These molecules and their transformation products persist in the environment and can be toxic to no target organisms.
Methods: Identify and quantify of Avermectins (EMA, ABA, DOR, EPR, IVR, and MOX) in Sarda sheep wool was carried out by Liquid Chromatography coupled to Orbitrap highresolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) Microwave assisted extraction (MAE), an environmentally ecofriendly method, was used. We applied a previously validated technique that simultaneously quantifies 27 elements by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in wool.
Results: Commission Decision 2002/657/EC require validation around the analitycal values for authorized drugs. For the Avermectins, the selectivity, analyte recovery, precision, LOD, LOQ and all validation paramiters was evaluated analyzing an appropriate number of representative samples and check for any interference. Trace element abundances in the wool sample were easily resolved by using the EPA 6020A Method for ICP-MS. After validation, the proposed methods was applied to the analysis of Avermectins residues and for the elements quantification in 150 real samples of Sarda sheep wool. For the metals quantification, the basic parameters of the animal development ( age, phisiological state and sampling zone) were also assayed.
Conclusions: We report the validation process of a new analytical method for the simultaneous determination of Avermectins in wool using LC-HRMS. Moreover, several significant correlations between the essential and toxic elements and sampling parameters were observed. In particular, some correlations between age parameters and chemical element levels in wool, respectively, were seen.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis
ID Code:11201
Contributors:Piana, Andrea Fausto
Publisher:Universita' degli studi di Sassari
Uncontrolled Keywords:Sardinian, wool, avermectines, heavy metal, environmental
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/42 Igiene generale e applicata
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Scienze Biomediche
Cicli, scuole e corsi:Ciclo 28 > Scienze biomediche > Sanità pubblica ed Evidence Based Prevention
Deposited On:18 Apr 2016 18:49

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