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Nutrition rehabilitation of undernourished children utilizing Spiruline and Misola

Simporé, Jacques and Kabore, Fatoumata and Zongo, Frederic and Dansou, Deleli and Bere, Augustin and Pignatelli, Salvatore and Biondi, Daniela Maria and Ruberto, Giuseppe and Musumeci, Salvatore (2006) Nutrition rehabilitation of undernourished children utilizing Spiruline and Misola. Nutrition Journal, Vol. 5 (3), p. 1-7. ISSN 1475-2891. Article.

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DOI: 10.1186/1475-2891-5-3

Abstract

Background: Malnutrition constitutes a public health problem throughout the world and particularly in developing countries. Aims: The objective of the study is to assess the impact of an elementary integrator composed of Spiruline (Spirulina platensis) and Misola (millet, soja, peanut) produced at the Centre Medical St Camille (CMSC) of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, on the nutritional status of undernourished children. Materials and methods: 550 undernourished children of less than 5 years old were enrolled in this study, 455 showed severe marasma, 57 marasma of medium severity and 38 kwashiorkor plus marasma. We divided the children randomly into four groups: 170 were given Misola (731 ± 7 kcal/ day), 170 were given Spiruline plus traditional meals (748 ± 6 kcal/day), 170 were given Spiruline plus Misola (767 ± 5 kcal/day). Forty children received only traditional meals (722 ± 8 kcal/day) and functioned as the control group. The duration of this study was eight weeks. Results and Discussion: Anthropometrics and haematological parameters allowed us to appreciate both the nutritional and biological evolution of these children. The rehabilitation with Spiruline plus Misola (this association gave an energy intake of 767 ± 5 kcal/day with a protein assumption of 33.3 ± 1.2 g a day), both greater than Misola or Spiruline alone, seems to correct weight loss more quickly. Conclusion: Our results indicate that Misola, Spiruline plus traditional meals or Spiruline plus Misola are all a good food supplement for undernourished children, but the rehabilitation by Spiruline plus Misola seems synergically favour the nutrition rehabilitation better than the simple addition of protein and energy intake. Published: 23 January 2006 Nutrition Journal 2006, 5:3 doi:10.1186/1475-2891-5-3 Received: 13 October 2005 Accepted: 23 January 2006 This article is available from: http://www.nutritionj.com/content/5/1/3 © 2006 Simpore et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:111
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Treatment of malnutrition, elementary integrators, Burkina Faso
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/38 Pediatria generale e specialistica
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01 Dipartimenti > Neuroscienze, scienze materno infantili
002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > CNR-Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche > Istituto di genetica delle popolazioni, Alghero
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1475-2891
Deposited On:18 Aug 2009 10:01

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