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Oral diseases epidemiology in italian and non-italian population: a multicenter cross-sectional study

Lara Capi, Cynthia (2016) Oral diseases epidemiology in italian and non-italian population: a multicenter cross-sectional study. Doctoral Thesis.

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Abstract

Aims: To assess the prevalence of the major oral diseases and the impact of the risk factors in adolescents from three different countries representative of Europe, Latin America and Middle East: Italy, Mexico and Saudi Arabia.
Methods: Caries (ICDAS and DMFS), erosion (BEWE), gingival status (Silness-Löe Index) were recorded. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated (WHO guidelines). A questionnaire investigated dietary patterns, oral habits and socio-economic status. Sweet taste evaluation was performed to determine threshold (TT) and preference (TP).
Results: 909 subjects (Italy n= 220; Saudi n=225; Mexico Urban n=224; Mexico rural n=240). Mean DMFS was 2.96 SD 4.01. The prevalence of erosion was higher in Mexico (18.7%), followed by Italy (12,7%) and Saudi (6.7%) while caries experience was higher in Saudi (3.0±4.0), followed by Italy (1.4±2.3) and Mexico (1.2±1.5)(p<0.001). The frequency of soft drinks intake was a constant variable for erosion (p<0.01). Overweight (BMI) was positively related to caries severity. TP and caries had a significant correlation (p<0.01). Subjects in the rural area presented less caries (p<0.01).
Conclusions: The distribution of oral diseases is related to behavioral, socio-cultural and geographic situations. Both caries and dental erosion are associated to diet and diet being determinant to BMI is decisive in oral and general health where prevention can make a decisive change in the quality of life.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis
ID Code:11053
Contributors:Campus, Guglielmo Giuseppe
Publisher:Universita' degli studi di Sassari
Uncontrolled Keywords:Dental caries, erosion, adolescents, BMI, transillumination
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/28 Malattie odontostomatologiche
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Scienze Chirurgiche, Microchirurgiche e Mediche
Cicli, scuole e corsi:Ciclo 28 > Scienze biomediche > Odontostomatologia preventiva
Additional Information: The doctoral work I am presenting: “Oral diseases epidemiology in Italian and non-Italian population. A multicenter cross-sectional study” has been achieved during a three-year period in the international scenery to promote the cooperation between institutions from different parts of the world.
The thesis is divided into two chapters that contain the main topics of the research: Dental Caries and Dental Erosion (Erosive wear). Under the dental caries chapter, the subjects covered are: Diagnosis, Risk, Early detection technologies, Minimally Invasive Therapy, Behavioral and socio-cultural factors, Taste preference and Prevention. The chapter on erosive wear focuses on the condition and starts from the Tooth wear definition and classification, Differential diagnosis, Measurement of wear and the BEWE model.
A third part of the volume contains a detailed account of the Multicenter study achievements in three different countries: Italy, Mexico and Saudi Arabia.
Each chapter contains the relative scientific evidence published and presented in international journals and congresses.
This dissertation conceives the current oral health status of three different populations, the advanced approaches on its diagnosis and treatment.
Deposited On:03 May 2016 13:31

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