Maestrale, Caterina and Masia, Mariangela and Pintus, Davide and Lollai, Stefano and Kozel, Thomas R. and Gates-Hollingsworth, Marcellene A. and Cancedda, Giovanna Maria and Cabras, Pierangela and Pirino, Salvatore and D'Ascenzo, Vittoria and Ligios, Ciriaco (2015) Genetic and pathological characteristics of Cryptococcus gattii and Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans from meningoencephalitis in autochthonous goats and mouflons, Sardinia, Italy. Veterinary Microbiology, Vol. 177 (3-4), p. 409-413. ISSN 0378-1135. Article.
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In this study, we examined in Sardinia the brain of 555 autochthonous sheep, 50 goats, and 4 mouflons which were found affected by neurological signs. We found 6 goats and one mouflon with meningoencephalitis caused by Cryptococcus sp. There was no evidence of cryptococcal infections in any of the examined sheep. MLST genotyping on Cryptococcus sp. isolates identified Cryptococcus gatti genotype AFLP4/VGI and Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans genotype AFLP2/VNIV. Phylogenetically, all Cryptococcus gattii isolates fell within the autochthonous animal, human and environmental Mediterranean isolate cluster, forming a distinct branch along with environmental strains from Alicante, in the southern Mediterranean coast of Spain.
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