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Feeding and management techniques to favour summer sheep milk and cheese production in the Mediterranean environment

Sitzia, Maria and Bonanno, Adriana and Todaro, Massimo and Cannas, Antonello and Atzori, Alberto Stanislao and Francesconi, Ana Helena Dias and Trabalza-Marinucci, Massimo (2015) Feeding and management techniques to favour summer sheep milk and cheese production in the Mediterranean environment. Small Ruminant Research, Vol. 126 (Supplement 1), p. 43-58. eISSN 1879-0941. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.smallrumres.2015.01.021

Abstract

Sheep milk production in summer can lead to a diversification of milk products and to a more regular product distribution in the market throughout the year. However, in Mediterranean countries small ruminant production cycles are subjected to seasonal variations in forage resources. During summer, a key period for out of season production systems, nutrition plays a fundamental role in regulating the quantity and quality of milk production. In this review, feeding strategies and techniques that could be applied for out of season production in dairy ewes under different Mediterranean conditions are described for intensive, pasture-based and mixed systems. The most common feeding strategies used during the dry season are based on grazing post-harvest by-products or forage produced under irrigation. The criteria used to choose the appropriate forage species and to optimize the grazing technique are discussed here. In addition, types of forages and feeding techniques to be adopted for indoor systems, along with a series of feed supplements best suited to cope with heat stress, are described. The influence of feed resources and environmental conditions on milk and cheese production are also discussed. Overall, in order to be cost-effective, out of season sheep milk production systems must take into consideration the availability and price of feed resources, especially supplements, and irrigation costs. It is concluded that out of season milk production could be adopted primarily by farms with highly productive breeds, access to irrigated lands and appropriate management skills.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:10985
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Summer milk production, grazing, summer feeding, heat stress, milk quality, cheese quality, dairy sheep
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/18 Nutrizione e alimentazione animale
Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/19 Zootecnica speciale
Divisions:002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > AGRIS Sardegna, Olmedo > Dipartimento per la ricerca nelle produzioni animali
001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Agraria
Publisher:Elsevier
eISSN:1879-0941
Additional Information:This paper is part of a supplement issue entitled “S.I.P.A.O.C. Congress 2012”.
Deposited On:12 Jun 2015 08:37

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