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Analysis of chromosome damage by sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and redox homeostasis characterization on sheep flocks from Sardinian pasturelands

Genualdo, Viviana and Perucatti, Angela and Pauciullo, Alfredo and Iannuzzi, Alessandra and Incarnato, Domenico and Spagnuolo, Maria Stefania and Solinas, Nicolina and Bullitta, Simonetta Maria and Iannuzzi, Leopoldo (2015) Analysis of chromosome damage by sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and redox homeostasis characterization on sheep flocks from Sardinian pasturelands. Science of The Total Environment, Vol. 527-528 , p. 393-400. eISSN 1879-1026. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.05.021

Abstract

Over the last decades, an increase of pollutants of diverse origin (industrial, military, mining, etc.) was recorded in several areas of Sardinia Island. We report the results of a multidisciplinary and complementary study based on cytogenetic and physiological analyses. The data obtained show the effects of the environmental impact on six sheep flocks (Sardinian breed) grazing on natural pasturelands next to possible polluted areas and compared to three herds grazing in different areas far from those potentially contaminated and used as control. Sister chromatid exchange (SCE) test was used as cytogenetic test to analyze chromosomal damages and it was performed on peripheral blood samples collected from 129 adult sheep (age > 4 years) randomly selected from polluted (92 animals) and control (37 animals) areas. Two types of cell cultures were performed: without (normal cultures) and with the addition of 5-BrdU. SCE-mean values estimated over 35 cells counted for each animal were 8.65 ± 3.40, 8.10 ± 3.50, 8.05 ± 3.08, 7.42 ± 3.34, 9.28 ± 3.56 and 8.38 ± 3.29 in the exposed areas, whereas the average values were 7.86 ± 3.31 in the control group. Significant increases (P < 0.01) of SCEs were found in three investigated areas of Southern Sardinia. Furthermore, sheep of the same flocks were characterized for blood redox homeostasis in order to define the potential targets of oxidative damage and to identify biomarkers of the extent of animal exposure to environmental contaminants. The plasma levels of Asc, Toc and Ret were found to be significantly lower (P < 0.001) in exposed sheep (I, II, IV and V) than in the control group. TAC as well as GPx and SOD activities were higher in control than in the exposed groups (P < 0.001). Finally, plasma levels of N-Tyr, PC, and LPO were significantly lower (P < 0.001) in the control group than in the exposed groups.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:10968
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Sister chromatid exchanges, Sardinian sheep, environmental pollution, chromosome fragility, redox homeostasis, bio-monitoring
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/02 Agronomia e coltivazioni erbacee
Divisions:002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > CNR-Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche > Istituto per il sistema produzione animale in ambiente Mediterraneo, Sassari
002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > Azienda ASL1, Sassari
Publisher:Elsevier
eISSN:1879-1026
Deposited On:11 Jun 2015 17:25

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