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Convective dynamics of traveling autocatalytic fronts in a modulated gravity field

Horváth, Dezső and Budroni, Marcello Antonio and Bába, Péter and Rongy, Laurence and De Wit, Anne and Eckert, Kerstin and Hauser, Marcus J. B. and Tótha, Ágota (2014) Convective dynamics of traveling autocatalytic fronts in a modulated gravity field. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 16 (47), p. 26279-26287. ISSN 1463-9076. eISSN 1463-9084. Article.

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DOI: 10.1039/C4CP02480J

Abstract

When traveling in thin solution layers, autocatalytic chemical fronts may be deformed and accelerated by convective currents that develop because of density and surface tension gradients related to concentration and thermal gradients across the front. On earth, both buoyancy and Marangoni related flows can act in solution layers open to the air while only buoyancy effects operate in covered liquid layers. The respective effects of density and surface tension induced convective motions are analysed here by studying experimentally the propagation of autocatalytic fronts in uncovered and covered liquid layers during parabolic flights in which the gravity field is modulated periodically. We find that the velocity and deformation of the front are increased during hyper-gravity phases and reduced in the micro-gravity phase. The experimental results compare well with numerical simulations of the evolution of the concentration of the autocatalytic product coupled to the flow field dynamics described by Navier–Stokes equations.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:10733
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:autocatalytic chemical fronts, convective currents, modulated gravity field
Subjects:Area 03 - Scienze chimiche > CHIM/02 Chimica fisica
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Chimica e Farmacia
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:1463-9076
eISSN:1463-9084
Deposited On:02 Feb 2015 12:07

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