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Comparative histology of the femur between mouflon (Ovis aries musimon) and sheep (Ovis aries aries)

Giuia, Stefano and Farina, Vittorio and Cacchioli, Antonio and Ravanetti, Francesca and Carcupino, Marcella and Mohadero Novas, Miguel and Zedda, Marco (2014) Comparative histology of the femur between mouflon (Ovis aries musimon) and sheep (Ovis aries aries). Journal of biological reseach, Vol. 87 (2), [e]4743. ISSN 1826-8838. eISSN 2284-0230. Article.

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DOI: 10.4081/jbr.2014.4743

Abstract

Mouflon (Ovis aries musimon) and sheep (Ovis aries aries) are considered as the wild and domestic subspecies of the same species. A comparative study on the microstructure of mouflon and sheep femoral bone diaphysis is here reported. Bone microstructure is described for the first time in the mouflon. More than 200 secondary osteons from both subspecies were analyzed and qualitative evaluation was followed by quantitative determination of perimeter, area, minimum and maximum diameters of secondary osteons and Haversian canals. The basic structural patterns observed in both subspecies can be classified as plexiform and irregular Haversian tissue, in accordance with what reported in the literature for most ruminants. The presence of many secondary osteons in the mouflon means that the bone also consists of dense Haversian bone tissue. Statistical analysis demonstrated that mouflon secondary osteons are larger than in the sheep and made of a greater number of lamellae. Since mouflon and sheep are taxonomically closely related and their body size is very similar, the qualitative and quantitative differences here reported could be primarily explained on account of their different lifestyle. Indeed, the habits of wildlife typical of mouflons may lead to the presence of wide areas of dense Haversian tissue in that subspecies, as mechanical stresses are known to be related to number and size of secondary osteons. Finally, this analysis could provide a useful tool to recognize bones from different species, in forensic exam and archaeozoological studies as well.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:10701
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Femur, bone histology, mouflon, sheep
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > VET/01 Anatomia degli animali domestici
Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/05 Zoologia
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Scienze della Natura e del Territorio
001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Medicina Veterinaria
Publisher:PAGEPress
ISSN:1826-8838
eISSN:2284-0230
Copyright Holders:©Copyright S. Giua et al., 2014 Licensee PAGEPress, Italy
Deposited On:27 Jan 2015 12:52

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