Masala, Giovanni Luca Christian and Grosso, Enrico (2014) Real time detection of driver attention: emerging solutions based on robust iconic classifiers and dictionary of poses. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, Vol. 49 , p. 32-42. ISSN 0968-090X. eISSN 1879-2359. Article.
Real time monitoring of driver attention by computer vision techniques is a key issue in the development of advanced driver assistance systems. While past work mostly focused on
structured feature-based approaches, characterized by high computational requirements, emerging technologies based on iconic classifiers recently proved to be good candidates
for the implementation of accurate and real-time solutions, characterized by simplicity and automatic fast training stages.
In this work the combined use of binary classifiers and iconic data reduction, based on Sanger neural networks, is proposed, detailing critical aspects related to the application of this approach to the specific problem of driving assistance. In particular it is investigated
the possibility of a simplified learning stage, based on a small dictionary of poses, that makes the system almost independent from the actual user.
On-board experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach, even in case of noise and adverse light conditions. Moreover the system proved unexpected robustness
to various categories of users, including people with beard and eyeglasses. Temporal integration of classification results, together with a partial distinction among visual distraction and fatigue effects, make the proposed technology an excellent candidate for the exploration
of adaptive and user-centered applications in the automotive field.
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