Bedon, Chiara and Fragiacomo, Massimo (2015) Numerical and analytical assessment of the buckling behaviour of Blockhaus log-walls under in-plane compression. Engineering structures, Vol. 82 , p. 134-150. ISSN 0141-0296. eISSN 1873-7323. Article.
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Blockhaus structural systems are commonly obtained by assembling multiple timber logs, by stacking them horizontally on the top of one another. Although based on simple mechanisms of ancient origins, the structural behaviour of Blockhaus systems under well-defined loading and boundary conditions is complex to predict.
The paper focuses on the assessment of the typical buckling behaviour and resistance of vertically compressed
timber log-walls. The effects of various mechanical and geometrical variables such as possible load eccentricities and initial curvatures, openings (e.g. doors or windows), fully flexible or in-plane rigid inter-storey floors are investigated by means of detailed finite-element (FE) numerical models. These FE models were first validated on test results of past buckling experiments performed on scaled log-wall specimens, as well as on recent buckling experiments carried out on full-scale timber log-walls, demonstrating the capability to appropriately describe the effective interaction between timber logs and to correctly
predict the expected buckling failure mechanisms and ultimate resistance for the log-walls that were investigated. Comparisons with analytical solutions partly derived from classical theory of plate buckling and column buckling are also presented and critically discussed, in order to assess the applicability of these existing formulations – although specific for fully monolithic and isotropic plates and columns – to Blockhaus structural systems. A closed-form solution is finally proposed as a simplified design buckling method for timber log-walls under in-plane compression.
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