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Angiostrongylus chabaudi Biocca, 1957: a new parasite for domestic cats?

Varcasia, Antonio and Tamponi, Claudia and Brianti, Emanuele and Cabras, Pierangela and Boi, Roberta and Pipia, Anna Paola and Giannelli, Alessio and Otranto, Domenico and Scala, Antonio (2014) Angiostrongylus chabaudiBiocca, 1957: a new parasite for domestic cats? Parasites & Vectors, Vol. 7 (1), p. 588. eISSN 1756-3305. Article.

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DOI: 10.1186/s13071-014-0588-1

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Abstract

Background
Natural infection with a species of Angiostrongylus has been reported only once in wildcats from central Italy by Biocca in 1957. The causative species of this infection was identified as Angiostrongylus chabaudi. Following this report, this parasite had never been found in either wild or domestic cats.
Findings
The lungs and the pulmonary arteries of an adult female cat (Felis silvestris catus), roadkilled in Sardinia, Italy, were macroscopically examined and dissected under a light microscope for the presence of parasites. A slender nematode was detected and its morphometrical features were consistent with those of A. chabaudi. Morphological data were supplemented by sequencing of the partial cytochrome oxidase c subunit 1 (cox1) gene, as well as the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) of the rDNA. Nucleotide sequences displayed 99% homology with the ITS2 sequence [GenBank KM216825.1] of a specimen of Angiostrongylus sp. recovered recently from the pulmonary artery of a wildcat in Germany and 91% with cox1 sequence [GenBank GU138118.1] of Angiostrongylus vasorum.
Conclusion
The results of the present study indicate, for the first time, that A. chabaudi may also infect domestic cats, and thus should be considered in the diagnosis of metastrongyloid species infecting their cardio-pulmonary system.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:10573
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Angiostrongylus chabaudi, Metastrongyloidea, Angiostrongylidae, Cat, cardio-pulmonary nematodes
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > VET/06 Parassitologia e malattie parassitarie degli animali
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Medicina Veterinaria
Publisher:BioMed Central
eISSN:1756-3305
Copyright Holders:© Varcasia et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Additional Information:This provisional PDF corresponds to the article as it appeared upon acceptance.
Deposited On:09 Jan 2015 09:05

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