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Family meal frequency, weight status and healthy management in children, young adults and seniors: a study in Sardinia, Italy

Nuvoli, Gianfranco (2015) Family meal frequency, weight status and healthy management in children, young adults and seniors: a study in Sardinia, Italy. Appetite, Vol. 89 , p. 160-166. ISSN 0195-6663. eISSN 1095-8304. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2015.02.007

Abstract

Objective: To examine family meal frequency, and weight management as a protective factor throughout life. Participants: Selected by city and by town in Sardinia (Italy), the 522 participants were divided into 162 children (7–11 years), 187 young adults (19–30 years), and 173 seniors (65–90 years). Method: Chi-square analyses were used to compare the frequency of family meals, weight (self-reported and perceived) and healthy management (physical activity, dieting, perceived appetite) between age groups. In addition, multinomial regression analyses were carried out to find associations, with age group as the dependent variable and frequency of family meal, weight status, and healthy management categories as independent variables, adjusted for moderating effects. Results: Significant associations with age variables were observed in mealtime frequency (skipping breakfast and mid-morning snack in adults and lunch in children and seniors), in decreasing self-reported normal weight with age and increasing perceived overweight with age, and in physical activity, dieting and perceived appetite. Conclusions and Implications: The results suggest the protective nature of family meals for adults and seniors, and identify significant associations (and some differences) between age groups. Discrepancies suggest the importance of education about body weight awareness throughout life.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:10566
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Family meal frequency, weight status, adult and elderly, nutrition, Sardinia Lifespan
Subjects:Area 11 - Scienze storiche, filosofiche, pedagogiche e psicologiche > M-PSI/04 Psicologia dello sviluppo e psicologia dell'educazione
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Storia, Scienze dell'Uomo e della Formazione
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0195-6663
eISSN:1095-8304
Deposited On:16 Feb 2015 11:44

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