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Problematiche entomologiche dell'eucalipto in Sardegna e monitoraggio del fitofago di nuova introduzione Psilla lerp (Glycaspis brimblecombei)

Buffa, Franco (2015) Problematiche entomologiche dell'eucalipto in Sardegna e monitoraggio del fitofago di nuova introduzione Psilla lerp (Glycaspis brimblecombei). Doctoral Thesis.

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Abstract

Following the recent accidental introduction of the lerp psyllid Glycaspis brimblecombei (Moore) in Sardinia, entomological investigations on Eucalyptus were conducted during 2011-14. Field monitoring focused on the lerp psyllid G. brimblecombei (Moore), its specific parasitoid Psyllaephagus bliteus (Riek) and other phytophagous species like the Eucalyptus gall wasps Ophelimus maskelli (Ashmead) and Leptocybe invasa (Fisher and La Salle), employing yellow sticky traps to collect adults, and foliar sampling to detect preimaginal and parasitized stages of the psyllid and to assess the number of wasp galls.
G. brimblecombei is currently the main pest of Eucalyptus in Sardinia where it reaches very high infestation levels (1070 adults/trap/month). P. bliteus density showed a bimodal trend, with the highest parasitism rates recorded in May (17%) and September (52%). The maximum number of O. maskellii galls per leaf were detected in April (78) while the minimum in July (7). In the case of L. invasa, instead, the greatest percentage of affected leaves per branch was recorded in September (17%) while the lowest in July (3%).
Among other phytophagous species, Blastopsylla occidentalis, Polydrusus (Metallites) parallelus, Gonipterus sp., and Phoracantha spp. were also detected.
In addition, the impact of the red gum psyllid on the honey production during the flowering period (June-July) in 2014, was evaluated in preliminary observations including also other wild pollinators.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis
ID Code:10464
Contributors:Floris, Ignazio
Publisher:Università degli studi di Sassari
Uncontrolled Keywords:Red gum tree, phytophagous, honey production, pollinators, Sardinia
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/11 Entomologia generale e applicata
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Agraria
Cicli, scuole e corsi:Ciclo 26 > Scienze e Biotecnologie dei sistemi agrari e forestali e delle produzioni alimentari > Monitoraggio e controllo degli ecosistemi forestali in ambiente mediterraneo
Deposited On:17 Mar 2015 13:59

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