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New insights on metastrongyloid lungworms infecting cats of Sardinia, Italy

Tamponi, Claudia and Varcasia, Antonio and Brianti, Emanuele and Pipia, Anna Paola and Frau, V. and Pinna Parpaglia, Maria Luisa and Sanna, Giuliana and Garippa, Giovanni and Otranto, Domenico and Scala, Antonio (2014) New insights on metastrongyloid lungworms infecting cats of Sardinia, Italy. Veterinary Parasitology, Vol. 203 (1-2), p. 222-226. ISSN 0304-4017. Article.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2014.04.001

Abstract

In addition to the well-known Aelurostrongylus abstrusus (Strongylida: Angiostrongylidae), Troglostrongylus brevior (Strongylida: Crenosomatidae) has recently been diagnosed as a causative agent of bronco-pulmonary infections of cats in Spain and Italy. However, information concerning the impact of this species of lungworm on feline population is limited to a few case reports. From July 2011 to May 2013 an epidemiological survey was carried out on Sardinia island (Italy), where 107 individual faecal samples were examined by Baermann technique, and first-stage larvae were identified based on their morphology and characterization of molecular markers. The 29.9% (32/107) of cats examined were infested by broncho-pulmonary nematodes and, although A. abstrusus was the most frequently detected (n = 27; 25.2%), larvae of T. brevior were also found (n = 7; 6.5%). In addition, two cats (1.9%) were co-infested by both species. Overall metastrongyloid infection was higher in female cats (n = 22; 38.6%) than in males (n = 10; 20%) (χ2 = 4.39; p = 0.036). The mean age of positive animals was 21.1 (±29.8) months, being infected animals from 2 months to 10 years of age. Of the 32 animals that scored positive for lungworms only 6 (18.8%) displayed a respiratory condition associated with lungworm infestations. Biomolecular characterization confirmed the morphological diagnosis of A. abstrusus. Positive samples that were identified at genus level as Troglostrongylus spp. were molecularly characterized as T. brevior. This study represents the first epidemiological survey on metastrongyloid lungworms of domestic cats in Sardinia and the first report of T. brevior on this island.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:10349
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Broncho-pulmonary nematodes, Aelurostrongylus abstrusus, Troglostrongylus brevior, cats, epidemiology, Sardinia
Subjects:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > VET/06 Parassitologia e malattie parassitarie degli animali
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Medicina Veterinaria
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0304-4017
Deposited On:21 Nov 2014 10:29

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