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Phenological growth stages of Silybum marianum according to the extended BBCH scale

Martinelli, Tommaso and Andrzejewska, Jadwiga and Salis, Michele and Sulas, Leonardo (2015) Phenological growth stages of Silybum marianum according to the extended BBCH scale. Annals of applied biology, Vol. 166 (1), p. 53-66. ISSN 0003-4746. eISSN 1744-7348. Article.

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DOI: 10.1111/aab.12163


Silybum marianum is a medicinal plant cultivated for silymarin production in central Europe and Asia. It is also considered a weed of both arable lands and pastures. Although S. marianum still exhibits traits that are typical of wild species; both its fruit and biomass productivity are remarkable. Therefore, the species is gaining interest as a potential novel commercial crop for multiple uses (i.e. medicinal plant, bioenergy, and vegetable oil production). Despite the intriguing characteristics of this plant and its economic importance, a detailed description of the phenological growth stages of S. marianum has never been developed. A precise and univocal description of the growth stages of this species will offer a useful tool for several agronomic and research activities, weed management practices and for further genetic improvement programmes. In the present manuscript, the description of the phenological development of S. marianum is proposed utilising the extended BBCH (Biologische Bundesantalt, Bundessortenamt and Chemische Industrie) scale. The phenological growth stages are described utilising both the 2- and 3-digit BBCH coding system. Pictures of the most representative stages supplement the manuscript.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:10293
Uncontrolled Keywords:BBCH code, BBCH growth stages, milk thistle, morphology, phenology
Divisions:002 Altri enti e centri di ricerca del Nord Sardegna > CNR-Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche > Istituto per il sistema produzione animale in ambiente Mediterraneo, Sassari
Publisher:Blackwell / Wiley
Deposited On:11 Nov 2014 13:21

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