Nudda, Anna and Battacone, Gianni and Usai, Mario Graziano and Fancellu, Stefania and Pulina, Giuseppe (2006) Supplementation with extruded linseed cake affects concentrations of conjugated linoleic acid and vaccenic acid in goat milk. Journal of Dairy Science, Vol. 89 (1), p. 277-282. eISSN 1525-3198. Article.
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The aim of this research was to determine the effect of adding extruded linseed cake to the dry diet of goats on the concentrations of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vaccenic acid (VA) in milk fat. Thirty crossbreed dairy goats were divided into 3 groups. Their diet was supplemented with 0% (control group), 5% (low group), or 10% (high group) of extruded linseed cake (ELC), which supplied 0, 16, and 32 g/d of linseed fat, respectively. The milk fat percentage (overall mean 3.5%) and yield did not differ with the different diets, but fatty acid composition was affected by the ELC supplements. The inclusion of ELC in the diets did not influence the concentration of fatty acids from C6:0 to C12:0. The concentrations of C14:0 and C16:0 decreased as the quantity of ELC supplements increased. The concentrations (mg/100 mg of total fatty acid methyl esters) of VA (0.70, 1.23, and 1.39 in control, low, and high groups respectively) and cis-9,trans-11 CLA (0.63, 0.96, and 1.05 in control, low, and high groups, respectively) were increased by ELC supplements. The milk fat content of VA and cis- 9,trans-11 CLA were closely correlated (R2 = 0.82). Desaturation of VA in the mammary gland to produce cis-9,trans-11 CLA was higher in the control group than in the groups with ELC diets. Extruded linseed cake supplementation to lactating goats may enhance the nutritional profile of milk lipids.
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