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Socioeconomic status and fertility before, during, and after the demographic transition: an introduction

Dribe, Martin and Oris, Michel and Pozzi, Lucia (2014) Socioeconomic status and fertility before, during, and after the demographic transition: an introduction. Demographic research, Vol. 31 (7), p. 161-182. eISSN 1435-9871. Article.

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DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2014.31.7

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Despite a long interest in the historical fertility transition, there is still a lack of knowledge about disaggregated patterns that could help us understand the mechanisms behind the transition. In previous research the widely held view is that there was a change in the association between social status and fertility in conjunction with the fertility transition, implying that fertility went from being positively connected to social status (higher status was connected with higher fertility) to being negatively associated with fertility.
OBJECTIVE
The aim of this collection is to study socioeconomic patterns in the fertility transition in a variety of contexts using similar approaches and measures of socioeconomic status.
METHOD
All contributions use different kinds of micro-level socioeconomic and demographic data and statistical models in the analysis. Data either come from census-like records or population registers.
CONCLUSIONS
There is no consistent evidence for the hypothesis that socioeconomic status was positively related to fertility before the demographic transition. While such a correlation was clearly present in some contexts it was clearly not in others. There is more support for the idea that the upper and middle classes acted as forerunners in the transition, while farmers especially were late to change their fertility behavior. It is also evident that both parity-specific stopping and prolonged birth intervals (spacing) were important in the fertility transition.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:10182
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords:Adjustment, fertility transition, innovation-diffusion, social class
Subjects:Area 13 - Scienze economiche e statistiche > SECS-S/04 Demografia
Divisions:001 Università di Sassari > 01-a Nuovi Dipartimenti dal 2012 > Scienze economiche e aziendali
Publisher:Max Planck Institut fuer Demografische Forschung
eISSN:1435-9871
Copyright Holders:© 2014 Martin Dribe, Michel Oris & Lucia Pozzi
Deposited On:13 Oct 2014 15:21

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