Barberis, Antonio and Spissu, Ylenia and Bazzu, Gianfranco and Fadda, Angela and Azara, Emanuela and Sanna, Daniele and Schirra, Mario and Serra, Pier Andrea (2014) Development and characterization of an ascorbate oxidase-based sensor–biosensor system for telemetric detection of AA and antioxidant capacity in fresh orange juice. Analytical chemistry, Vol. 86 (17), p. 8727-8734. ISSN 0003-2700. eISSN 1520-6882. Article.
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A new carbon ascorbate oxidase-based sensor–biosensor system (SB) was coupled to a dual-channel telemetric device for online simultaneous electrochemical detection of ascorbic acid (AA) and antioxidant capacity in Hamlin, Sanguinello, and Moro orange varieties. The electrocatalytic performances of the SB were investigated by cyclic voltammetry and amperometric techniques. The phenol composition of orange juice of each variety, and the cyclic voltammetries of the most represented phenols, were provided. The in vitro calibrations were performed in PBS (pH 5.6), applying a constant potential of +500 mV. A standard mixture of phenols, based on orange juice composition, was used as reference material for studying SB behavior. SB works at an applied potential of +500 mV, in a concentration range comprised between the LOD 0.26 μM and 20 μM. In this concentration range, limiting the data acquisition time to 2 min, the problems of electrode passivation due to phenols polymerization were overcome. AA calibration showed that the biosensor registered statistically lower currents than the sensor since the enzyme oxidized AA before it reached the electrode surface. Standard mixture calibration showed that currents registered by sensor and biosensor did not statistically differ. The difference between sensor and biosensor AA registered currents was used to calculate an AA selectivity index and, consequently, to determine the AA content and the antioxidant capacity in the juices. The novelty of the SB is its ability to distinguish between AA and phenols contribution to antioxidant capacity. The obtained results were in accordance with reference methods.
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