Aghbolaghi, Marzieh Asadi and Reza Rezaei, Hamid and Scandura, Massimo and Kaboli, Mohammad (2014) Low gene flow between Iranian grey wolves (Canis lupus) and dogs documented using uniparental genetic markers. Zoology in the Middle East, Vol. 60 (2), p. 95-106. ISSN 0939-7140. eISSN 2326-2680. Article.
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Wolves have the ability to live in different habitats. However, in recent years, in many areas wolf populations have drastically declined and some of them have disappeared. A major concern in the management of wolf populations is the hybridization between wolves and dogs. In some regions, in order to generate strong breeds of guard dogs, wolves and dogs are intentionally hybridized. In this study, gene flow between wolves and dogs in Iran was examined, using a combination of uniparental markers: the mitochondrial DNA control region and four Y chromosome microsatellites. The species of origin of each haplotype was attributed by phylogenetic analyses. A very limited number of haplotypes was shared, suggesting limited gene flow between wolves and dogs in Iran. However, possible factors promoting hybridization are still present in the country and should not be neglected in the future management of the wild species.
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